ATUL GAWANDE – AMERICAN DOCTOR / WRITER

Atul Gawande (born on November 5, 1965 in Brooklyn, NY) is an American doctor and journalist. He serves as a general and endocrine surgeon at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts and associate director of their Center for Surgery and Public Health. He is also an associate professor at the Harvard School of Public Health and an associate professor of surgery at Harvard Medical School. He has written extensively on medicine and public health for The New Yorker and Slate, pieces which have been collected in his books Complications and Better.

Gawande was born in Brooklyn, New York to Indian Maharashtrian immigrants to the United States, both doctors. The family soon moved to Athens, Ohio, where Gawande and his sister grew up. He obtained an undergraduate degree from Stanford University in 1987, was a Rhodes scholar (earning a P.P.E. degree from Balliol College, Oxford in 1989), and later graduated from Harvard Medical School. He also has a Master of Public Health degree from the Harvard School of Public Health.

As a student Gawande was a volunteer for Gary Hart’s campaign. As a Rhodes Scholar, he spent one year at Oxford University. After graduation, he joined Al Gore’s 1988 presidential campaign. He worked as a health-care researcher for Congressman Jim Cooper (D-TN), who was author of a “managed competition” health care proposal for the Conservative Democratic Forum. After two years he left medical school to become Bill Clinton’s health care lieutenant during the 1992 campaign and became a senior adviser in the Department of Health and Human Services after Clinton’s inauguration. He directed one of the three committees of the Clinton Health Care Task Force, supervising 75 people and defined the benefits packages for Americans and subsidies and requirements for employers. He returned to medical school in 1993 and earned his M.D in 1995.

Soon after he began his residency, his friend Jacob Weisberg, editor of Slate, asked him to contribute to the online magazine. His pieces on the life of a surgical resident caught the eye of the New Yorker which published several pieces by him before making him a staff writer in 1998.A June 2009 New Yorker essay by Gawande, “The Cost Conundrum”, which used as an example the town of McAllen, Texas to argue that unnecessary medical tests and procedures were a primary factor in driving up the cost of health care in the U.S., was cited by President Barack Obama during Obama’s attempt to get health care reform legislation passed by the United States Congress. According to Senator Ron Wyden, the article “affected [Obama’s] thinking dramatically”, and soon after its publication, Obama showed the article to a group of senators including Wyden and said, “This is what we’ve got to fix.” Gawande, in turn, later expressed approval for Obama’s health care proposals on the New Yorker “News Desk” blog. After reading the New Yorker article, Warren Buffett’s long-time business partner Charlie Munger mailed a check to Gawande in the amount of $20,000 as a thank you to Dr. Gawande for providing something so socially useful. Gawande reportedly donated the $20,000 to the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Center for Surgery and Public Health.

In addition to his popular writing, Gawande has published studies on topics including military surgery techniques and error in medicine, included in the New England Journal of Medicine. He is also the director of the World Health Organization’s Global Patient Safety Challenge. His essays have appeared in The Best American Essays 2003, “The Best American Science Writing 2002, and The Best American Science Writing 2009.

Gawande published his first book, Complications: A Surgeon’s Notes on an Imperfect Science, in 2002. It was a National Book Award finalist, and has been published in over one hundred countries. His second book, Better: A Surgeon’s Notes on Performance, was released in April 2007. It discusses three virtues that Gawande considers to be most important for success in medicine: diligence, doing right, and ingenuity. Gawande offers examples in the book of people who have embodied these virtues. The book strives to present multiple sides of contentious medical issues, such as malpractice law in the US, physicians’ role in capital punishment, and treatment variation between hospitals. Gawande released his third book, The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right, in 2009. It discusses the importance of organization and pre-planning (such as through checklists) in both medicine and the larger world. The Checklist Manifesto reached the New York Times Hardcover nonfiction bestseller list in 2010.

In 2006 he was named a MacArthur fellow for his work investigating and articulating modern surgical practices and medical ethics. In the medical field, he is an expert on the removal of cancerous endocrine glands. He was also named one of the 20 Most Influential South Asians by Newsweek in 2004. In the (2010) (Time 100) he was included (fifth place) in Thinkers Category.

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DEBORAH GIST – THE COMMISSIONER OF RIDE

Deborah A. Gist, who taught and served directly in schools for more than a decade early in her career, began her service as the Rhode Island Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education on July 1, 2009.Previously, she served as State Superintendent of Education in the District of Columbia, beginning in June 2007. As the first state superintendent of education in the District, she was responsible for transitioning all state-level education functions to the newly formed office of the state superintendent of education and for putting into effect the accountability systems of the federal No Child Left Behind education law.

As state superintendent of education, Gist created new, progressive educator-certification polices for teachers and school administrators, allowing school districts and nonprofit organizations to apply to certify educators, and she enacted new standards for teacher-preparation programs to improve quality, expand opportunity, and encourage innovation. Gist worked with the first state board of education in the District to transition its role to that of a policy-setting body during its first year of existence, and she developed many important state-level education policies, including standards for health and physical education, world languages, arts education, and early-childhood learning.

Before taking on the role as State Superintendent, Gist served for three years as the state education officer in the District. In that role, she restored the confidence of Congress in the Tuition Assistance Grants program, resulting in a federal funding increase of more than 100 percent for a program that now serves more than 5,000 college students in the District each year. She also oversaw dramatic improvements in much-maligned child-nutrition programs in the District, including the Summer Food Service program, which was subsequently named the best-performing summer-food program in America for four consecutive years.

Gist began her career in education 21 years ago, as a teacher in the Ft. Worth, Texas, elementary schools, where she focused on literacy education and applied learning. She later taught in Tampa, Florida, where she founded and directed a center on environmental education and later conceived, designed, and initiated Hillsborough Reads, which served families in 108 elementary schools in Hillsborough County. She won “Teacher of the Year” honors at her schools in both Ft. Worth and Tampa.

In addition to spending 10 years serving directly in schools, Gist was a senior policy analyst at the U.S. Department of Education. She advised the secretary and deputy secretary on top issues, analyzed proposed policy initiatives, and conducted research and feasibility studies. Gist also served as the marketing and development director of the Discovery Creek Children’s Museum, in Washington, and she later worked for the Office of the Mayor, in Washington, as the executive director of the office on volunteerism and service programs, Serve DC. While in Washington, Gist served as a volunteer mentor and a board member for Mentors, Inc.

Gist earned a master’s degree in public administration from the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, where she was also selected as a Kennedy Fellow and received the Littauer Fellowship for academic excellence and community service. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in early-childhood education from the University of Oklahoma and a Master of Arts in elementary education, with an emphasis in curriculum, from the University of South Florida. Gist became a certified public manager, following successful completion of a joint program with the District of Columbia government and the George Washington University. In 2008, she completed a fellowship with the Broad Academy for Superintendents, which prepares talented leaders to take on executive leadership roles in urban education.

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BEYONCE KNOWLES – SEXY SINGER/ACTRESS

American singer and actress. Born Beyoncé Giselle Knowles on September 4, 1981, in Houston, Texas, she began singing with the original members of the popular R&B group Destiny’s Child — LaToya Luckett, Kelly Rowland and  LaTavia Roberson — as a pre-teen.

The girls went through various incarnations, singing a mix of gospel, rhythm and blues, and hip hop, before they officially became Destiny’s Child in 1995. Knowles’ father, Mathew, served as manager of the group. After performing in the Houston area, the group appeared on Star Search, the popular television talent competition.

Although they did not win the competition, a contract with Columbia Records soon followed. Their first release, Destiny’s Child (1997), was a tremendous success in Europe. Upon the album’s release, the group kicked off a tour of sold-out shows there. Their second effort, The Writing’s on the Wall (1999), brought them wider acclaim back home. The album generated three top-ten hits on the Billboard R&B singles chart.

In 2000, despite internal conflicts that resulted in the departure of Luckett and Roberson from the group, Destiny’s Child continued to promote their sophomore effort, playing as a supporting act for Christina Aguilera’s summer tour. In 2001, still calling themselves Destiny’s Child, the group released their third album, Survivor.

In 2004, after launching a successful solo career with Dangerously in Love, Knowles won five Grammy Awards, tying a record for most wins by a female artist. Her second solo effort, B’Day, was released in September 2006 to coincide with the singer’s twenty-fifth birthday. In its first week, B’Day sold more than 540,000 copies in the U.S.

Beyoncé Knowles has also made a start in acting, making her debut in MTV’s Hip Hopera: Carmen in 2001 and co-starring as Foxxy Cleopatra in Mike Myers’ James Bond parody Goldmember in 2002. Other films include 2004’s The Fighting Temptations and 2006’s The Pink Panther.

Her starring role as Deena Jones, a Diana Ross-like character in the big-screen adaptation of the 1981 Broadway hit musical Dreamgirls earned a Golden Globe nomination in 2006. Beyoncé’s song “Listen” was nominated for an  Academy Award.

Knowles’ was romantically linked to hip-hop mogul Jay-Z, whose real name is Shawn Carter, since September 2002. They performed together in music videos for two of her hit singles, Crazy in Love and Deja Vu. The couple married in April 2008. Among the guests sighted at the wedding were Beyonce’s mother Tina Knowles, her father and manager  Mathew, her sister Solange, Destiny’s Child members Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams, and friend Gwyneth Paltrow.

ALBUMS

Studio albums

  • 2003: Dangerously in Love
  • 2006: B’Day
  • 2008: I Am… Sasha Fierce

Movie soundtracks

  • Carmen: A Hip Hopera (2001)
  • Austin Powers in Goldmember (2002)
  • The Fighting Temptations (2003)
  • The Pink Panther (2006)
  • Dreamgirls (2006)
  • Cadillac Records (2008)

Video releases

  • Live at Wembley (2004)
  • BET Presents Beyoncé (2006)
  • Beyoncé The Ultimate Performer (2006)
  • B’Day Anthology Video Album (2007)
  • The Beyoncé Experience Live (2007)
  • I Am… Yours: An Intimate Performance at Wynn Las Vegas (2009)
  • I Am… Live in London (2010)
  • Beyoncé: Destined For Stardom (2010)

Filmography

  • 2001 Carmen: A Hip Hopera
  • 2002 Austin Powers in Goldmember
  • 2003 The Fighting Temptations
  • 2004 Fade to Black
  • 2006 The Pink Panther
  • 2006 Dreamgirls
  • 2007 My Night at the Grammys
  • 2008 Cadillac Records
  • 2009 Obsessed
  • 2009 Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!

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JESSICA ALBA – THE SKY ANGEL

Jessica Alba ( full name Jessica Marie Alba ) was born on April 28, 1981 in Pomona, California. Her family moved to Biloxi, Mississippi while Jessica was very young. Jessica Alba’s father, who was in the Air Force, moved the family to Del Rio, Texas, later. Eventually, the family settled in southern California when Jessica Alba was nine. She had always wanted to be an actress from the age of five. She took her first acting class at the age of 12.

Shortly later, Jessica was signed by an agency. In 1993, she made her movie debut in Camp Nowhere. Jessica Alba was originally hired for a short time but got lucky when one of the main actresses dropped out. Jessica Alba , who had the same color hair as the actress, eagerly took over the spot. After her first movie, Jessica Alba appeared in two
commercials for Nintendo and J.C. Penny and a few independent films. In 1994, she landed a reoccurring role in “The Secret World of Alex Mac.” Jessica Alba played a snob who made life hard for the main character with magical powers.

Also in 1994, she landed the role of Maya for a pilot of “Flipper.” Jessica Alba spent 1995 filming the first season of “Flipper” in Australia. Jessica Alba is a PADI-certified diver and the “Flipper” show allowed her to have fun and play with the dolphins. The success of the first season of “Flipper” lead to the filming of the second season, which Jessica also starred in. Jessica involvement in “Flipper” lasted from 1995-1997. Since “Flipper” Jessica has appeared in a number of television shows and movies.

In 1996, she appeared in Venus Rising as Young Eve. Also in 1996, Jessica Alba appeared in an episode of “Chicago Hope”, as Maria. In 1997, Jessica appeared on the “Dini Petty Show”, a Canadian talk show, and talked about her role in Flipper and her general acting career. Jessica Alba began working on P.U.N.K.S., featuring Randy Quaid, in 1998. P.U.N.K.S. was just recently released on video in early January, 1999.

In 1998, she appeared in several TV shows for an episode or two. In early 1998, she appeared in “Brooklyn South”, as Melissa. A few months later, Jessica Alba appeared in two episodes of “Beverly Hills 90210”, as Leanne. And finally, she appeared in an episode of “Love Boat: The Next Wave.” In 1999 she appeared a huge number of magazines. Jessica Alba had a small role in Never Been Kissed which was released in the Spring. A month later Jessica Alba could be found with a larger role in Idle Hands. Her two performances in those movies started a buzz in the entertainment industry. Many more magazines would come knocking on her door. Shortly after the release of those two movies, Jessica Alba landed the starring role in Paranoia. Jessica Alba finished filming Paranoia in June. The movie is in post-production now.

Shortly later Jessica Alba started working on what will potentially be her biggest work ever. Jessica Alba auditioned for the leading role in Dark Angel. Jessica Alba caught the eye of James Cameron and will now star in the post anticipated TV show of 2000, Dark Angel. With the huge success of Dark Angel and its legion of fans, Jessica will no longer be a rising star, she will be among the hollywood elite, a star.

She made a comeback in 2003 with the title role in Honey. In 2005 Jessica Alba appeared opposite Bruce Willis in the movie “Sin City”, the down-and-dirty feature-film version of Frank Miller’s popular graphic novels. Alba played Nancy, a stripper with a tortured past who’s about as close to innocence as it gets in a grisly black-and-white world.

FILMOGRAPHY

  • 1994 – Camp Nowhere – Gail
  • 1996 – Venus Rising – Young Eve
  • 1999 – P.U.N.K.S.
  • 1999 – Never Been Kissed – Kirsten
  • 1999 – Idle Hands – Molly
  • 2000 – Paranoia – Chloe
  • 2001 – The Sleeping Dictionary – Selima
  • 2003 – Honey – Honey Daniels
  • 2005 – Sin City – Nancy Callahan
  • 2005 – Into the Blue – Sam
  • 2005 – Fantastic Four – Susan Storm/The Invisible Woman
  • 2006 – Sonic (announced)
  • 2007 – Knocked Up
  • 2007 – Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer
  • 2007 – The Ten
  • 2007 – Good Luck Chuck
  • 2007 – Awake
  • 2008 – The Eye
  • 2008 – Meet Bill
  • 2008 – The Love Guru
  • 2010 – Valentine’s Day
  • 2010 – The Killer Inside me
  • 2010 – Machete
  • 2010 – An Invisible Sign
  • 2010 – Little Fockers
  • 2011 – Spy Kids 4: All the time in the World

TV SHOWS

  • 1994 – “The Secret World of Alex Mack” – Jessica
  • 1995-1997 – “Flipper” – Maya
  • 1996 – “Too Soon for Jeff” – Christy
  • 1996 – “Chicago Hope” – Maria
  • 1997 – “Dini Petty Show” – herself
  • 1998 – “Brooklyn South” – Melissa
  • 1998 – “Beverly Hills 90210” – Leanne
  • 1998 – “Love Boat: The Next Wave” – Layla
  • 1998 – “E! News” – herself
  • 1999 – “E! News” – herself
  • 1999 – “E! Behind the Scenes: Never Been Kissed” – herself
  • 1999 – “MTV News” – herself
  • 2000 – “Dark Angel” – Max
  • 2000 – “The Tonight Show” with Jay Leno – herself
  • 2001 – “Rosie O’Donnell” – herself
  • 2001 – MTV’s “TRL” – herself
  • 2001 – “Daily Show” withJohn Stewart – herself
  • 2001 – “Late Night” with Conan O’Brian
  • 2001 – “The Tonight Show” with Jay Leno – herself
  • 2001 – “Access Hollywood” – herself
  • 2001 – “The View” – herself
  • 2001 – “Late Night” with Conan O’Brian – herself
  • 2001 – “The Tonight Show” with Jay Leno – herself
  • 2002 – “E! News daily” – herself
  • 2002 – “Access Hollywood” – herself
  • 2002 – “Extra” – herself
  • 2002 – “Rosie O’Donnell Show” – herself
  • 2002 – “Late Show” with David Letterman – herself brook
  • 2002 – “Rank” – herself (episode: “25 Toughest Stars” 24 April 2002)
  • 2003 – “Punk’d” – herself (episode # 1.3, 31 March 2003)
  • 2003 – “Tinseltown TV” – herself
  • 2003 – “Mad TV” – “Jessica Simpson” (episode # 9.5, 1 November 2003)
  • 2003 – “Live in Hollywood” – herself as a guest host ( November 15, 2003)
  • 2003 – “Rock Me Baby” – herself (episode: “The Difference Between Men and Women”, 18 November 2003)
  • 2003 – “The Sharon Osbourne Show” – herself (5 December 2003)
  • 2004 “Last Call with Carson Daly” – herself (23 February 2004)
  • 2004 – “The View” – herself (7 July 2004)
  • 2004 – “Entourage” – herself (episode: “The Review”, 25 July 2004)
  • 2005 – “Late Show with David Letterman” – herself (22 March 2005)
  • 2005 – “Late Night with Conan O’Brien” – herself (25 March 2005)
  • 2005 – “Last Call with Carson Daly” – herself (1 April 2005)

JESSICA ALBA’S DATES

  • Michael Weatherly (2001 – 2003)
  • Sergio Garcia (2003)
  • Wilmer Valderrama (2003)
  • Mark Wahlberg (2003 – 2004)
  • Paul Walker (2004)
  • Scott Caan (2004)
  • Derek Jeter (2004)
  • Cash Warren (2004)
  • Dane Cook (2007)

She was married to Cash Warren in the year 2008.

Check out the sexy ASCII Art of Jessica Alba in the below Link. Follow the given steps to see the ASCII Art clearly in the Notepad. Download the text file from the link. Please use Lucida Console font to view the art in Notepad. Before that in Notepad go to Format and Uncheck the Word Warp and then Go to Font and Reduce the Font Size to 3 to 4 pt. Use only Lucida Console Font.

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